Bear Spray Ingredients – All You Have To Know

The probability of a bear assault is almost zero for the majority of us. In any case, enthusiastic climbers and outdoor people comprehend the significance of bear sprays in the boondocks. If you live in a country where bears are easily spotted, the bear spray will help you prevent bear attacks.

But it would be best if you had an idea about its proper use and should use other security measures. Before using a bear spray, everyone should know about bear spray ingredients. It is very important to know about the bear spray component for use in a proper way.

Bear Spray Ingredients

All You Have To Know About Bear Spray Ingredients

All You Have To Know About Bear Spray Ingredients

Before starting, let’s first know what bare spray is? A bear spray is a kind of chemical spray which is used for self-protection against a bear. Its main chemical component is capsaicin. Capsaicin is derivatives of oleoresin capsicum.

This chemical agent causes a burning sensation, pain, shortness of breathing and sometimes temporary blindness. That’s why bear spray is a very popular self-protection agent worldwide.

Bear spray is a combination of oleoresin capsicum and propellant. Oleoresin capsicum is one of the hottest chilies in the world. However, it cannot do any serious damage to humans or bears.

Scoville Heat Unit For A Different Kind Of Oleoresin Capsicum

Scoville Heat Unit For A Different Kind Of Oleoresin Capsicum

SHU is a unit of measurement of heat. It is not an accurate measure of heat and is not a reliable formula for finding the right value. The amount of capsaicin in bear spray is about 2%.

  • Bell pepper – 0 Scoville heat unit (SHU)
  • Habaneros – 3000000 Scoville heat unit (SHU)
  • Bhut jolokia – 10000000 Scoville heat unit (SHU)
  • Pure capsaicin – 15000000 Scoville heat unit (SHU)

Oleoresin Capsicum

Oleoresin Capsicum

Oleoresin capsicum is an oily resin obtained from capsicum. Capsicums are plants of the species Solanaceae. Capsaicinoids are the most effective components of oleoresin capsicum. These active ingredients are found in plant glands and combine three saturated hands with two unsaturated homologs.

The capsaicinoids are dried, distilled, and mix. Oleoresin capsicum contains 70% capsaicin, 20% dihydrocapsaicin, 7% nordihydrocapsaicin, 1% homocapsaicin and 1% homodihydrocapsaicin.

Capsaicin And Oleoresin Capsicum

Capsaicin And Oleoresin Capsicum

Capsaicin is the primary active component of oleoresin capsicum. 80-90% of oleoresin capsicum is dihydrocapsaicin and capsaicin. The amount of oleoresin capsicum in bear spray is 1.2- 12.5%. The concentration of pepper is 5-15%. N-Vanillyl nonivamide is 10-15 times stronger than capsaicin.

There are six different types of capsaicinoids.

  • Capsaicin (C)
  • Norhydrocapsaicin (NDHC)
  • Dihydrocapsaicin (DHC)
  • Homocapsaicin (HC)
  • Homodihydrocapsaicin (HDHC)
  • Nonivamide (PAVA)

Toxicity And Side Effects Of Bear Spray Ingredients

Toxicity And Side Effects Of Bear Spray Ingredients

  • Conjunctival inflammation
  • Lacrimation
  • Burning sensation
  • Severe burning pain
  • Redness
  • Loss of corneal reflex
  • Loss of sight
  • Difficulties in breathing

How To Make Bear Spray At Home

How To Make Bear Spray At Home

Homemade bear spray is not effective as purchase one. But that’s enough for an immediate situation. It is very simple and easy to make.

Component Needs For The Making Of Bear Spray

Component Needs For The Making Of Bear Spray

  1. 20-25 piece pepper
  2. Mortar and pestle
  3. Knife
  4. Saucepan
  5. 500 ml water
  6. Plastic gloves
  7. Water gun or spray bottle
  8. Mesh strainer

Slice red peppers into baby size. Grind them by using a pestle and mortar. Do not use a blender, and you are not going to making a pepper paste or something like that. Please put it in a saucepan, mix it with two cups of water and keep boiling for 20 minutes.

Transfer the pepper solution to a bowl through a filter. Then pour this mixture into a water gun or spray bottle. Spray a couple of times to check if it works or not. It would be best if you used gloves before starting work.

After finishing the making process of bear spray, wash your hands thoroughly with soap. And refrain from touching the eyes.

Effectiveness bear spray

Using a bear spray is often the safest and most effective way to deter a bear attack, it can be used in bear country as the bear deterrent spray is non-toxic and doesn’t cause permanent harm to the bear or its surroundings including vegetation and water supply. The bear deterrent spray can be sprayed up to 18 feet.

The bear deterrent personals alarms are the bear deterrent sprays with the highest percentage of bear pepper spray SHU, typically bear mace bear deterrent sprays are between 2.0 and 4 million SHU. The bear deterrent personal alarm is a handheld device that emits a loud noise.

Frequently Asked the Question

How Bad  Is  Bear Spray?

Bear Spray Can be Deadly for Bears and Humans. Bear spray is a bear deterrent made from various capsaicinoids, which are the chemical compounds that produce heat and cause a burning sensation in humans. 

Is Bear Spray A Good  Deterrent?

Bear-spray deterrents have been used by hikers and campers for years, but it has never been clear whether they actually work.

Is Bear Spray Effective  Against  Black  Bears?

Bear spray is an effective deterrent against black bears. Black bears have a bad reputation as being aggressive and dangerous, but black bear attacks are rare.


Bear spray is a life-saving item to defend against bear attacks. The success rate of bear spray is more than 80%. It is safe to take a bear spray while traveling in the forest area.

But before using a bear spray, it is good to have some knowledge about bear spray ingredients. Suppose you forgot to take a bear spray while traveling those bear populated areas.

Then you can easily make a bear spray if you know the ingredient of bear spray. So this is all about the bear spray component. If you have any further questions about bear spray ingredients, let us know, and if you know better than us, please share your knowledge with our readers.

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